A progress indicator-based assessment guide for integrated municipal solid-waste management systems

  • Sarah ElSaid
  • El-Houssaine Aghezzaf


Managing municipal solid waste is a major concern for cities around the world. Particularly urban communities with developing economies are urged to improve their waste management practices, and set up appropriate waste management systems. Waste management is a city-specific topic; there is no ideal solution that can be operationalized everywhere. In developing cities, municipalities and decision makers need simple and effective indicators to assess the sustainability of their current waste management systems, and set a performance reference point. The current study investigates available literature and suggests a list of measurable sustainability indicators which are specific to solid-waste management. The list encompasses 27 indicators that cover the building blocks of an integrated solid-waste management system, i.e., collection and sorting, recycling, composting, energy recovery, and landfilling. An assessment tool is developed through a five-point Likert scale, evaluating these indicators. Case studies of Cairo and Brussels were analyzed. The outcomes of this analysis can be used as a benchmark on a local level in planning, clarifying policy objectives, and setting priorities.


Municipal solid waste Integrated solid-waste management systems Sustainability indicators Developing countries Waste management assessment 



This research is partially supported by the Schlumberger Foundation Faculty for the Future. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and remarks.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Systems Engineering and Product DesignGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Flanders MakeLommelBelgium

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