Market potential of biomethane as alternative transportation fuel in South Korea

  • Ji Hye Jo
  • Woong Kim


This study estimated domestically available energy amount of biomethane including landfill gas (LFG) as a transportation fuel by 2035. The amount of available energy that could be supplied was predicted through four stages of ‘theoretical-’, ‘geographical-’, ‘technical-’, and ‘market potential’ by considering geographical, technical, economic conditions, etc. Energy efficiency and added value of biomethane are largely influenced by the site conditions and the neighboring infrastructures. So, how much of the natural gas used in transportation could be substituted with biomethane was examined by setting limits to the amount of organic wastes generated within urban areas. As a result, the market potential of biomethane including landfill gas was approximately 331 × 106 Nm3/year, corresponding to 25% of the natural gas supply for transportation, which could be replaced by biomethane. Assuming that 2% of natural gas for transportation is replaced by biomethane, it corresponds to 29 × 106 Nm3/year (approximately 9% of market potential of biomethane). However, RFS annual mixing rate may be increased upon introduction and the growth rate of the natural gas supply for transport would be higher than that of market potential of biomethane calculated in this study.


Biogas Landfill gas Market potential Methane Transportation fuel 



This research was supported and funded by Korea Environment Institute (ISBN 978-89-8464-898-2), South Korea, and also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea Government (MSIP) (No. 2017R1A4A1015628).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 43 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Resource CirculationKorea Environment InstituteSejongRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Advanced Institute of Water IndustryKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea

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