Performance of recycled ceramic waste as aggregates in hot mix asphalt (HMA)

  • Ratnasamy Muniandy
  • Dhieyatul Husna Ismail
  • Salihudin Hassim


Ceramic waste materials from the production of titles has increased over the years. Preliminary studies on the properties of ceramics showed that this material can be incorporated into asphalt mixtures as aggregates. Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing ceramic materials from tile manufacturing firms. A study was undertaken to look into the performance of crushed ceramics that were incorporated in asphalt mixtures to replace the conventional granite aggregates from sizes 5.0 mm down including the 75 micron filler. The replacement was done proportionally with a 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100% percent by weight of granite aggregates. The outcome of the study showed that the performance of recycled ceramic aggregates in hot mix asphalt (HMA) reached an optimum at about 20% which means there is a great potential for the use of it in asphalt mixtures. The Marshall stability showed an increment of about 25% while the resilient modulus strength improved by 13.5% as compared with the control specimen. All samples were analyzed at various proportions of ceramic–granite aggregate combination and were observed that a 20% use of 5 mm down ceramic aggregates blended with granite aggregates produce higher strength HMA.


Ceramic waste Hot mix asphalt Marshall quotient Resilient modulus 



The authors wish to thank Kajang Rock Quarry and the Selayang Tile Manufacturing Company for providing aggregates and waste ceramic tiles for the study.


  1. 1.
    Huang B et al (2009) Laboratory evaluation of incorporating waste ceramic materials into Portland cement and asphaltic concrete. Constr Build Mater 23:3451–3456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang B, Dong Q, Burdette EG (2009) Laboratory evaluation of incorporating waste ceramic materials into Portland cement and asphaltic concrete. J Constr Build Mater 23:3451–3456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Muniandy Ratnasamy, Aburkaba Eltaher Elzarroug, Hamid Hussain Bin, Yunus Robiah BT (2009) An initial investigation of the use of local industrial wastes and by-products as mineral fillers in stone mastic asphalt pavements. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci 4(3):54–63Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Muniandy R, Aburkaba E, Mahdi L (2012) Effects of mineral filler particle size and type on permanent deformation of stone mastic asphalt mixtures. GJ P&A Sc and Technol 2012:50–64Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Medina C, Frías M, Sánchez de Rojas MI (2012) Microstructure and properties of recycled mixtures using ceramic sanitary ware industry waste as coarse aggregate. Constr Build Mater 31:112–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations