Developing 3R policy indicators for Asia and the Pacific region: experience from Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific

  • Yasuhiko Hotta
  • Chettiyapan Visvanathan
  • Michikazu Kojima
  • Agamuthu Pariatamby


In developing Asia, policies and legislations to promote reduce, reuse and recycling (3Rs) of waste have gained much traction over the last 10 years. Henceforth, the focus of governmental efforts on the 3Rs will be on improving the policy implementation and managing the policy progress. To meet these ends, it is essential to set clear policy targets and review them regularly with a set of policy and performance indicators. Experiences from various Asian countries show different types and approaches taken toward developing these 3R indicators. To bring the 3R performance indicators to a standardized and comparable level among the member countries, the 5th Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific has proposed nine indicators. These indicators are recommended to consider the linkages with resource efficiency and the green economy, rather than just end-of-life product recycling. This paper describes the Asian experience and efforts to set core set of 3R policy indicators to monitor progress of 3R implementation at regional level.


3R Sustainable development goals (SDGS) Indicator Policy progress Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuhiko Hotta
    • 1
  • Chettiyapan Visvanathan
    • 2
  • Michikazu Kojima
    • 3
  • Agamuthu Pariatamby
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Global Environmental StrategiesHayamaJapan
  2. 2.Asian Institute of TechnologyKhlong LuangThailand
  3. 3.Institute for Development Economies-JETROChibaJapan
  4. 4.University of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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