Nature and extent of unauthorized waste dump sites in and around Bangalore city

Abstract

Bangalore city generates around 3600 tons/day of solid waste and a major constituent is organic (>70 %). The quantum of wastes generated is far greater than the capacity of the permitted waste treatment and disposal sites. As these sites are quite far-off, many of the trucks dump at unauthorized locations to reduce their transportation costs or meet their daily targets. To understand overall patterns, sources and reasons for dumping, an attempt is made to find the locations, composition and to assess the area of garbage spread at unauthorized dumps in and around the city. The field survey was conducted during August 2010 to April 2012 wherein the accuracy of three techniques (visual estimates, step measurement and Google Earth) was assessed to rapidly estimate area of garbage spread. The total number of unauthorized dumps located outside the core area was 393 and inside core area was 303. The results indicated that the visual estimates to determine the location and area of garbage spread were better in identifying locations of unauthorized dumps in a very short while and can be deployed to assess performance of various mega-cities in transition to good solid-waste management.

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Acknowledgments

The authors wish to acknowledge the participation and inputs of the 45 student volunteers from Christ University, St. Joseph’s College and MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore who carried out the survey in the first part of the study. We also thank Himanshu K., Sreesha M., Yashodha P.S. and Vidya H. for their contributions while conducting this survey. The financial support for this study was provided by the Bangalore City Corporation (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike, BBMP) and is gratefully acknowledged.

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Correspondence to H. N. Chanakya.

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Chanakya, H.N., Shwetmala & Ramachandra, T.V. Nature and extent of unauthorized waste dump sites in and around Bangalore city. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 19, 342–350 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-015-0423-6

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Keywords

  • Unauthorized dump site
  • Waste
  • Method
  • Locations
  • Area