Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 731–738 | Cite as

Humification index of composts originating from three types of woody biomass

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Composting is a good method for recycling surplus manure and stabilizing organic matter from biowastes. Compost is used as a soil amendment and recently, for restoration of vegetation in barren areas. We investigated the relationship between the type of woody biomass (using Robinia pseudoacacia, Japanese larch and apple) and the humification index (HI) of the resulting compost. This study evaluated the difference in HI between the three compost types, and the structural features of composts and extracted humic acids (HAs). The HIs for R. pseudoacacia and apple were larger than that for Japanese larch after composting for 11 months. The structural features of the Japanese larch compost were also different from the apple and R. pseudoacacia, with a very high carbon/nitrogen ratio. The average molecular weights and ultraviolet–visible spectra (A600/C) of HAs extracted from composting samples at 0 and 11 months indicate that the humification rate of Japanese larch was slower than that of R. pseudoacacia and apple. During composting, the average molecular weights of apple and R. pseudoacacia decreased, while their A600/C values increased, but the reverse was observed for Japanese larch. The humification rate was found to depend on the type of woody biomass being composted.

Keywords

Woody biomass Compost Humic substances Humification index Structural feature 

References

  1. 1.
    Bernal MP, Alburquerque JA, Moral R (2009) Composting of animal manures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment. A review. Bioresour Technol 100:5444–5453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rigane MK, Michel J-C, Medfioub K, Morel P (2011) Evaluation of compost maturity, hydrophysical and physical properties: Indicators for use as a component of growing media. Compost Sci Util 19(3):226–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sensei N (1989) Composted materials as organic fertilizers. Sci Total Env 81(82):521–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yamamoto M, Hamasuna N, Fukushima M, Okita S, Horiya S, Kiso E, Shibuya M, Sadakata M (2006) Recovery from Barren ground by supplying slag and humic substances. J Jpn Inst Energy 85:971–978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yamamoto M, Nishida A, Otsuka K, Komai K, Fukushima M (2010) Evaluation of the binding of iron (II) to humic substances derived from a compost sample by a colorimetric method using ferrozine. Bioresour Technol 101:4456–4460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2010) Basic plan for the promotion of biomass utilization. http://www.maff.go.jp/j/shokusan/biomass/b_kihonho/pdf/keikaku.pdf. Accessed November 2013
  7. 7.
    Hubbe MA, Nazhad M, Sánchez C (2010) Composting as a way to convert cellulostic biomass and organic waste into high-value soil amendments: a reviews. Bioresources 5(4):2808–2854Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Serramiá N, Sánchez-Monedero MA, Fernández-Hernández A, Civantos CG-O, Roig A (2010) Contribution of the lignocellulosic fraction of two-phase olive-mill wastes to the degradation and humification of the organic matter during composting. Waste Manag 30:1939–1947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hachicha R, Rekik O, Hachicha S, Ferchichi S, Woodward S, Moncef N, Cegarra J, Mechichi T (2012) Co-composting of spent coffee ground with olive mill wastewater sludge and poultry manure and effect of Trametes versicolor inoculation on the compost maturity. Chemosphere 88:677–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nicolás C, Masciandaro G, Hernández T, Garcia C (2012) Chemical-structural changed of organic matter in a semi-arid soil after organic amendment. Pedosphere 22(3):283–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sakamoto K (2008) Studies on the composting of apple prunings. Bull Apple Exp Stn Aomori Prefec Agric Forest Res Cent 35:53–97Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xi BD, He XS, Wei ZM, Jiang YH, Li MX, Li D, Li Y, Dang QL (2012) Effect of inoculation methods on the composting efficiency of municipal solid waste. Chemosphere 88:744–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fialho LL, Lopes da Silva WT, Milori DMBO, Simões ML, Net LM (2010) Characterization of organic matter from composting of different residues by physiochemical and spectroscopic methods. Bioresour Technol 101:1927–1934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ishiguro Y, Kitamura R, Sawagashira Y, Fukui H (2010) The influence of C/N ratio and nitrogen content of material for bark compost on composting process. Jpn J Farm Work Res 45(3):175–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Traversa A, Said-PPullicino D, D’Orazio V, Gigliotti G, Senesi N (2011) Properties of humic acids in Mediterranean forest soils (Southern Italy): influence of different plant covering. Eur J Forest Res 130:1045–1054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Binner E, Smidt E, Tintner J, Böhm K, Lechner P (2011) How to enhance humification during composting of separately collected biowaste: impact of feedstock and processing. Waste Manag Res 29(11):1153–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tan K (2003) In: Humic Matter in Soil and Environment. Dekker, New York pp 75–126Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Clapp CE, Liu R, Cline VW, Chen Y, Hayes MHB (1998) Humic substances for enhancing turfgrass growth. In: Davies G, Ghabbour EA (eds) Humic Substances. Structures, Properties and Uses. The Royal Chemical Society, Cambridge, pp 227–233Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Perminova IV, Hatfield K (2005) Remediation chemistry of humic substances: Theory and implications for technology. In: Perminova IV, Hatfield K, Hertkorn N (eds) Use of Humic Substances to Remediate Polluted Environments: From Theory to Practice. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 3–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yamamoto M, Fukushima M, Kiso E, Kato T, Shibuya M, Otsuka K, Nishida A, Komai T (2010) Application of iron-humate to a coastal area of barren ground for restoring seaweed beds. J Chem Eng Jpn 43:627–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fukushima M, Yamamoto K, Ootsuka K, Komai T, Aramaki T, Ueda S, Horiya S (2009) Effects of the maturity of wood waste compost on the structural features of humic acids. Bioresour Technol 100:791–797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kumada K (1955) Absorption spectra of humic acids. Soil Plant Food 1:29–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kuwatsuka S, Tsutsuki K, Kumada K (1978) Chemical studies on soil humic acids I. Elementary composition of humic acids. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 24:337–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tsutsuki K, Kuwatsuka S (1978) Chemical studies on soil humic acids II. Composition of oxygen-containing functional groups of humic acids. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 24:547–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fukushima M, Yamamoto M, Komai T, Yamamoto K (2009) Studies of structural alterations of humic acids from conifer bark residue during composting by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH-py-GC/MS). J Anal Appl Pyrol 86:200–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sánchez-Monedero MA, Cegarra J, García D, Roig A (2002) Chemical and structural evolution of humic acids during organic waste composting. Biodegradation 13:361–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Plaza C, Senesi N, Brunetti G, Mondelli D (2007) Evolution of the fulvic acid fractions during co-composting of olive oil mill wastewater sludge and tree cuttings. Bioresour Technol 98:1964–1971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Jouraiphy A, Amir S, Winterton P, El Gharous M, Revel J-C, Hafidi M (2008) Structural study of the fulvic fraction during composting of activated sludge-plant matter: Elemental analysis, FTIR and 13C NMR. Bioresour Technol 99:1066–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hur J, Williams MA, Schlautman MA (2006) Evaluating spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques to resolve dissolved organic matter via end member mixing analysis. Chemosphere 63:387–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Fukushima M, Tanaka S, Nakamura H, Ito S, Haraguchi K, Ogata T (1996) Copper(II) binding abilities of molecular weight fractionated humic aids and their mixtures. Anal Chim Acta 322:173–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tchobanoglous G, Theisen H, Vigil S (1993) Integrated solid Waste Management: Engineering Principles and Management Issues. McGraw HillGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Japan Meteorological Agency. http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/menu/report.html. Accessed August 2013

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Atmosphere and Ocean Research InstituteThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations