Utilization of amorphous rice husk ash for the synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite under low temperature

Abstract

The present study deals with the production and characterization of ZSM-5 zeolite under low temperature using amorphous rice husk ash as an alternative cheap silica source. Rice husk was combusted at various temperatures for the production of amorphous silica. The resulted amorphous silica ash was then utilized without any other treatment as a starting material for the synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite using low temperature and under atmospheric pressure. For comparison, the high-temperature synthetic approach, the hydrothermal treatment under high temperature and autogenous pressure with the autoclave process, was also applied for the synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite. The low-temperature method led successfully to the synthesis of highly siliceous zeolite of type ZSM-5. The produced materials were characterized using a variety of analytical techniques, including X-ray diffraction, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry–differential thermogravimetry analyses, scanning electron microscopy, electron dispersion X-ray analysis and nitrogen porosimetry. The results show that the utilization of an industrial by-product in abundance as a starting material can lead through a simple inexpensive technique to the synthesis of a high value added microporous material with many potential applications.

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Acknowledgments

Financial support by the National University of Athens under the program Grant No. 65/1852 is gratefully acknowledged. We would also like to thank the Greek rice mill Agrino for the RHA supply.

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Correspondence to Konstantinos Kordatos.

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Kordatos, K., Ntziouni, A., Iliadis, L. et al. Utilization of amorphous rice husk ash for the synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite under low temperature. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 15, 571–580 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-013-0141-x

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Keywords

  • Rice husk
  • Amorphous silica
  • ZSM-5 zeolite
  • Low temperature synthesis