Potential utilization of burned wood in manufacture of medium density fiberboard

Abstract

The potential utilization of burned wood in the manufacture of medium density fiberboard (MDF) was investigated. For this aim, the MDF panels were made of various mixtures of burned pine wood (Pinus sylvestris L.), unburned beech (Fagus orientalis L.) and oak (Ouercus robur L.) woods under commercial conditions in an MDF company. The mixture ratio of the unburned beech and oak woods to the burned pine wood were 50/50 wt%. The mixing ratios of burned wood chips with unburned wood chips were 0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25 and 100:0, %, respectively. A commercial urea–formaldehyde resin was used as a binder. The physical properties measured in the investigation included density and thickness swelling, while the mechanical properties examined were bending strength, modulus elasticity, internal bond, screw holding ability perpendicular to the plane of panel, and janka hardness perpendicular to the plane of the panel. Surface roughness and color of the panels were also measured. The results indicated that all the panels met the mechanical properties of general-purpose MDF requirements of EN 622-5. The surface roughness of the MDF panels containing burned wood decreased with increasing burned wood content but remained higher than the control panels. The dimensional stability of the MDF panels decreased with the incorporation of burned wood fibers as compared with the control MDF panels.

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Correspondence to Nadir Ayrilmis.

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Akgül, M., Ayrilmis, N., Çamlıbel, O. et al. Potential utilization of burned wood in manufacture of medium density fiberboard. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 15, 195–201 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-012-0108-3

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Keywords

  • Medium density fiberboard
  • Burned wood
  • Physical properties
  • Mechanical properties
  • Surface roughness