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Use and disposal of large home electronic appliances in Vietnam


In this study, e-waste flows of five large home appliances (color televisions, refrigerators, washing machines, personal computers, and air conditioners) in Vietnam are investigated. A social survey was performed to investigate the situation on using appliances in households as well as on the disposal of appliances by the first users. Future quantities of e-waste were estimated using a model that combines use of the Weibull distribution, the logistic function, and the population balance model. It was forecast that about 3.86 million appliances, or 114 000 tons, will be discarded in 2010, and about 17.2 million appliances, or 567 000 tons, in 2025, showing a rapid increase of e-waste in the near future.

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Correspondence to Duc-Quang Nguyen.

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Nguyen, DQ., Yamasue, E., Okumura, H. et al. Use and disposal of large home electronic appliances in Vietnam. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 11, 358–366 (2009).

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Key words

  • E-waste
  • Weibull distribution
  • Population balance model
  • Vietnam