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Evaluation of municipal solid waste flow in the Bandung metropolitan area, Indonesia


This article covers partial results for research which was carried out to determine the effectiveness of municipal solid waste (MSW) recycling in Bandung metropolitan urban areas. It focuses on the results of waste flow analysis as basic information in developing better MSW management systems, especially in applying the reduce, reuse, recycle (3Rs) concept. The dependence upon final disposal sites in MSW management and the difficulties in finding disposal sites have resulted in interest in the 3Rs concept. In this research, the determination of waste compositions and the potential of recycling were evaluated based on data from interviews with householders, members of the nonhousehold sector, and recycling actors and on measurement. The informal sector activities observed were mainly from handcart crews, mobile scavengers, transfer point scavengers, final disposal scavengers, waste traders, and recycling business people at several locations in Bandung and Cimahi cities. The estimated waste recycling and composting by stakeholders has not yet achieved 10% (wet weight) of the total waste generated. As in other major cities in developing countries, the informal sectors hold an important role in the recovery of usable materials from waste. However, inorganic waste recycling activities from this sector have not even reached 8% (wet weight) of the total waste generated.

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Correspondence to Enri Damanhuri.

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Damanhuri, E., Wahyu, I.M., Ramang, R. et al. Evaluation of municipal solid waste flow in the Bandung metropolitan area, Indonesia. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 11, 270–276 (2009).

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Key words

  • Municipal solid waste (MSW)
  • Composition
  • Composting
  • Recycling
  • Waste flow