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Harnessing the Power of Artificial Intelligence in Otolaryngology and the Communication Sciences

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Abstract

Use of artificial intelligence (AI) is a burgeoning field in otolaryngology and the communication sciences. A virtual symposium on the topic was convened from Duke University on October 26, 2020, and was attended by more than 170 participants worldwide. This review presents summaries of all but one of the talks presented during the symposium; recordings of all the talks, along with the discussions for the talks, are available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktfewrXvEFg and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gQ5qX2v3rg. Each of the summaries is about 2500 words in length and each summary includes two figures. This level of detail far exceeds the brief summaries presented in traditional reviews and thus provides a more-informed glimpse into the power and diversity of current AI applications in otolaryngology and the communication sciences and how to harness that power for future applications.

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Modified from Lesica 2018, and presented here with permission)

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the organizers of the symposium described in this Review; they included Tyler Lee, Katherine Neal, and Dr. Nicole Schramm-Sapyta of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences (DIBS). We also are grateful for the sage advice on how to structure the symposium that was graciously provided by Dr. Donna G. Crenshaw, who is the Executive Director of the MEDx (Medicine & Engineering at Duke) Program. As mentioned in the Introduction, the DIBS, MEDx, and Duke Medicine’s Department of Head and Neck Surgery & Communication Sciences sponsored the symposium.

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Correspondence to Blake S. Wilson.

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The authors declare no competing interest.

Disclaimers

This article was prepared while Geoffrey S Ginsburg was employed at Duke University. The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not reflect the view of the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Health and Human Services, or the United States government. Dr. Ginsburg’s current contact information is Geoffrey S Ginsburg MD PhD, All of Us Research Program, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. He remains as an Adjunct Professor at Duke and his Duke email address is still active.

Additionally, and as mentioned previously, Debara L Tucci served as the Co-Chair for the symposium as one of her activities as an Adjunct Professor at Duke. She also was and is the Director of the NIDCD, and, like Dr. Ginsberg, her opinions expressed in this article are her own and do not reflect the view of the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Health and Human Services, or the United States government. Dr. Tucci’s address at the NIH is Debara L. Tucci MD MS MBA, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, 31 Center Drive, Room 3C02G, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Change of Institution

Dr. Hannah Kavookjian is now at Johns Hopkins University and her current email address and contact information are hkavook1@jhu.edu and Hannah Kavookjian MD, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

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Wilson, B.S., Tucci, D.L., Moses, D.A. et al. Harnessing the Power of Artificial Intelligence in Otolaryngology and the Communication Sciences. JARO 23, 319–349 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10162-022-00846-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10162-022-00846-2

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