Clinicopathological and long-term prognostic features of membranous nephropathy with crescents: a Japanese single-center experience
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Three recent studies from the United States and China reported the clinicopathological features and short-term prognosis in patients with membranous nephropathy (MN) and crescents in the absence of secondary MN, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies, and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA).
We compared clinicopathological and prognostic features in 16 MN patients with crescents (crescent group) and 38 MN patients without crescents (control group), in the absence of secondary MN, anti-GBM antibodies, and ANCA. Median follow-up periods in the crescent and control groups were 79 and 50 months, respectively.
Decreased estimated glomerular filtration rates (<50 mL/min/1.73 m2), glomerulosclerosis, and moderate-to-severe interstitial fibrosis were more frequently observed in the crescent group than in the control group (P = 0.043, P = 0.004, and P = 0.035, respectively). Positive staining rates for glomerular IgG2 and IgG4 were significantly different between the 2 groups (P = 0.032, P = 0.006, respectively). Doubling of serum creatinine during follow-up was more frequently observed in the crescent group than in the control group (P = 0.002), although approximately two-thirds of patients in the crescent group were treated with immunosuppressive therapy. Crescent formation and interstitial fibrosis were risks for doubling of serum creatinine [hazard ratio (HR) = 10.506, P = 0.012; HR = 1.140, P = 0.009, respectively].
This is the first Japanese study demonstrating significant differences in clinicopathological and prognostic features between the 2 groups. Most patients in the crescent group may develop a long-term decline in renal function despite immunosuppressive therapy.
KeywordsClinicopathological study Crescent formation IgG-subclass Membranous nephropathy Prognosis
The authors thank all the doctors in our affiliated hospitals for the referral of patients.
Compliance with ethical standards
All the authors have declared no competing interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee at which the studies were conducted (IRB approval number 1026) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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