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Disseminated coccidioidomycosis with intra- and paravertebral abscesses


 We report a case of paravertebral and intravertebral abscesses caused by Coccidioides immitis in a Japanese man. The patient had lived in Arizona, United States, for 5 years, and suffered from overt disease after coming back to Japan. Culture of pus from the paravertebral abscess revealed Coccidioides immitis, and a diagnosis of disseminated coccidioidomycosis was made. Fluconazole (600 mg/day), taken orally, was started, and the abscesses surrounding the vertebral bodies disappeared after 2 years of treatment. The abscess in the vertebral bodies also responded to treatment, but a small lesion was still left in the 10th vertebral body after 2 years of treatment. Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that is endemic in the southwestern United States and in Central and South America. Although coccidioidomycosis causes self-limiting flulike illness or pneumonia, a small proportion of the infections progress to disseminated diseases. Because the incidence of coccidioidomycosis is increasing year by year, physicians not only in endemic but also in nonendemic areas have to consider coccidioidomycosis as one of the differential diagnoses when they examine patients from endemic areas.

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Received: September 21, 2001 / Accepted: February 7, 2002

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Nakamura, H., Nakamura, T., Suzuki, M. et al. Disseminated coccidioidomycosis with intra- and paravertebral abscesses. J Infect Chemother 8, 178–181 (2002).

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  • Key words Coccidioides immitis
  • Disseminated coccidioidomycosis
  • Vertebral abscess