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Long-term follow-up of the clinical efficacy of chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia at a single institute


A retrospective study was performed on 125 patients with de-novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who had received first remission induction therapy at Fukui Medical University Hospital in the 16 years between 1983 and 1998. For remission induction therapies, patients in the 1980s received mainly behenoylcytarabine (BHAC), 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), and prednisolone (PSL), plus aclarubicin (ACR) or daunorubicin (DNR). Patients in the 1990s received mainly BHAC, 6-MP, and etoposide (VP-16) plus DNR or mitoxantrone (MIT) or idarubicin (IDA). Patients with hypoplastic bone marrow received low-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) therapy or cytarabine ocfosfate (SPAC). Since 1992, patients with French-American-British disease classification of M3 have received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) (±chemotherapy). In the 1990s, more intensified postremission therapy was performed compared with that done in the 1980s. The complete remission (CR) rate of all patients was 58%. Predicted 6-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates in the CR patients were 22% and 28%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed age and leukocyte counts as significant prognostic factors regarding CR, OS, and DFS rates. The CR and OS rates in the 1990s were improved significantly from those in the 1980s, at 69% versus 48% (P = 0.016), and 32% versus 15% (P = 0.0014), respectively. The early death rate, within 30 days, was decreased from 26% in the 1980s to 9% in the 1990s (P = 0.013). This decrease was thought to be the main cause of the high CR rate in the 1990s. However, DFS was not significantly improved. It is necessary to establish more effective postremission therapies in order to reduce the relapse rate and improve the prognosis.

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Received: November 29, 2000 / Accepted: March 15, 2001

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Seo, T., Fukushima, T., Inoue, H. et al. Long-term follow-up of the clinical efficacy of chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia at a single institute. J Infect Chemother 7, 156–162 (2001).

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  • Key words Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Retrospective study
  • Chemotherapy
  • Survival
  • Prognostic factor