Techniques in Coloproctology

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 239–241 | Cite as

Teaching TransAnal Irrigation (TAI): why it is mandatory

  • G. Gallo
  • S. Graziani
  • A. Realis Luc
  • G. Clerico
  • M. Trompetto
Correspondence

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the author.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from the participant included in the study.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Gallo
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Graziani
    • 1
  • A. Realis Luc
    • 1
  • G. Clerico
    • 1
  • M. Trompetto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Colorectal SurgeryS. Rita ClinicVercelliItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medical and Surgical SciencesUniversity of CatanzaroCatanzaroItaly

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