Techniques in Coloproctology

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 249–250 | Cite as

Reply to correspondence by Smart and Watson

Author’s Reply


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Carlo Ratto was, for 1 year, member of the THD Advisory Board; no personal salary was received.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

No informed consent was necessary for the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Proctology Unit, University Hospital “A. Gemelli”Catholic UniversityRomeItaly

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