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Risk of infection and hernia recurrence for patients undergoing ventral hernia repair with non-absorbable or biological mesh during open bowel procedures

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Abstract

Background

Ventral hernia repair (VHR) with mesh performed concurrently with colorectal surgery is presumably associated with significant risks of infection and recurrence. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing VHR with non-absorbable mesh (NAM) or biological mesh (BM) at the same time as open colorectal surgery.

Methods

A retrospective review of short- and long-term outcomes for 25 patients undergoing repair of VHR with NAM or BM at the same time as an open colorectal procedure from 1991 to 2007 was performed.

Results

The mean age of the patients was 50.8 ± 12.7 years. Fifteen patients (60 %) underwent VHR with NAM versus 10 (40 %) with BM at the time of colorectal surgery. Mean follow-up after surgery was 32.9 ± 38.2 months. Overall wound infection, mesh infection and hernia recurrence rates were 44, 36 and 36 %, respectively. There was no difference between the NAM and BM mesh repair groups in terms of operative indications (p = 0.23) and operations performed (p = 0.47). Both groups had similar gender, ASA score, age, BMI, operating time, hernia recurrence rate, wound infection and follow-up.

Conclusions

Although a proportion of patients who undergo concomitant use of mesh for VHR during colorectal resection has reasonable outcomes, there is a high associated risk of wound and mesh infection. Thus, a judicious decision regarding the use of mesh for hernia repair needs to be made on a case-by-case basis for patients undergoing open bowel surgery at the same time.

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Correspondence to R. P. Kiran.

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El-Gazzaz, G., Erem, H.H., Aytac, E. et al. Risk of infection and hernia recurrence for patients undergoing ventral hernia repair with non-absorbable or biological mesh during open bowel procedures. Tech Coloproctol 17, 315–320 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-012-0928-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-012-0928-0

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