Significance of multiple preoperative laboratory abnormalities as prognostic indicators in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract following radical nephroureterectomy
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The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of multiple preoperative laboratory abnormalities in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC) patients.
This study included a total of 135 consecutive patients with clinically localized UUTUC who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). The impact of several preoperative blood-based markers in addition to conventional clinical factors on extravesical recurrence-free survival (eRFS) in these patients was retrospectively evaluated.
Despite the lack of a significant correlation between conventional clinical factors and any of the postoperative pathologic parameters, preoperative laboratory abnormalities were shown to have a significant impact on some pathological factors reflecting an aggressive phenotype as follows—C-reactive protein (CRP) level on pathological stage, De Ritis (aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase) ratio on nodal involvement, and neutrophil−lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on pathological stage. During the observation period of this study (median 36.1 months), extravesical disease recurrence was detected in 44 (32.6%) of the 135 patients with a 5-year eRFS rate of 62.1%. Of several factors examined, the CRP level, De Ritis ratio, and NRL were significantly correlated with eRFS on univariate analysis. Of these significant factors, the De Ritis ratio and NRL were identified as independent predictors of eRFS on multivariate analysis. Moreover, there were significant differences in eRFS according to the positive numbers of these two independent risk factors.
These findings suggest that it is important to consider laboratory abnormalities, particularly the De Ritis ratio and NLR, to predict disease recurrence following RNU in patients with clinically localized UUTUC.
KeywordsUpper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma Radical nephroureterectomy Prognosis Laboratory abnormalities
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We declare that we have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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