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Early renal cell cancer

Abstract

Renal cell cancer (RCC) mostly arises from the proximal renal tubules and is classified as an adenocarcinoma. The most reliable treatment for RCC is surgical excision; chemotherapy or radiotherapy does not have a practical effect on RCC. In selected patients, immunotherapy, including cytokine administration, has survival benefits. There is no established definition of early RCC. Surgical removal of organ-confined disease (T1 and T2) is likely to achieve tumor-free status leading to good prognosis. Possible definitions, diagnosis and treatment options for T1 and T2 disease are discussed.

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Correspondence to Yoshihiko Tomita.

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Tomita, Y. Early renal cell cancer. Int J Clin Oncol 11, 22–27 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10147-005-0551-4

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Key words

  • Renal cell cancer
  • TNM classification
  • Radical nephrectomy
  • Nephron-sparing surgery