Functional & Integrative Genomics

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 487–496 | Cite as

The RNA-binding protein FXR1 modulates prostate cancer progression by regulating FBXO4

  • Hongwen Cao
  • Renjie Gao
  • Chao Yu
  • Lei ChenEmail author
  • Yigeng FengEmail author
Original Article


This paper is to characterize the expression status of Fragile X Mental Retardation, Autosomal Homolog 1 (FXR1) in prostate cancer cells and understand its mechanistic involvement in the tumor biology of prostate cancer. The relative expression of FXR1 in prostate cancer cells was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Cell proliferation in FXR1-deficient cells was evaluated by cell counting and MTT assays. The migrative and invasive capacities were measured by transwell assay. The potential regulatory effect of FXR1 on FBXO4 was interrogated using luciferase reporter assay. The direct bind of FXR1 with FBXO4 transcripts was analyzed by RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA pull-down assay. We observed aberrant overexpression of FXR1 in prostate cancer cells at both transcript and protein levels. FXR1 deficiency was associated with inhibited cell proliferation/viability and compromised migration/invasion in prostate cancer cells. Mechanistically, FXR1 negatively regulated FBXO4 transcripts via direct association with its 3′UTR and promoted mRNA degradation. FBXO4 knockdown predominantly rescued the tumor-suppressive phenotype in FXR1-deficient cells. We uncovered the oncogenic role of FXR1 in prostate cancer cells and further demonstrated its dependence on FBXO4. Our data highlight the importance of FXR1-FBXO4 signaling in prostate cancer.


FXR1 FBXO4 Prostate cancer Migration Stability 





This study was supported by The third batch of young Chinese name training program of LongHua Hospital Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Chen Lei, RC-2017-01-14); Shanghai Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission special subject of Chinese medicine research (2016JP014); National TCM clinical research base dragon medicine scholars (nursery plan) of LONGHUA Hospital Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (LYTD-56); Shanghai School of Traditional Chinese Medicine Shanghai Inheritance Talents Training Project (LPRC-2017-015).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Surgical Department I (Urology Department)LONGHUA Hospital Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese MedicineShanghai CityChina

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