A nonsense mutation in a putative sulphate transporter gene results in low phytic acid in barley
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Low phytic acid grains can provide a solution to dietary micronutrient deficiency and environmental pollution. A low phytic acid 1-1 (lpa1-1) barley mutant was identified using forward genetics and the mutant gene was mapped to chromosome 2HL. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that the lpa1-1 gene was located in the syntenic region of the rice Os-lpa-MH86-1 gene on chromosome 4. The gene ortholog of rice Os-lpa-MH86-1 (designated as HvST) was isolated from barley using polymerase chain reaction and mapped to chromosome 2HL in a doubled haploid population of Clipper×Sahara. The results demonstrate the collinearity between the rice Os-lpa-MH86-1 gene and the barley lpa1-1 region. Sequence analysis of HvST revealed a single base pair substitution (C→T transition) in the last exon of the gene in lpa1-1 (M422), which resulted in a nonsense mutation. These results will facilitate our understanding of the molecular mechanisms controlling the low phytic acid phenotype and assist in the development of a diagnostic marker for the selection of the lpa1-1 gene in barley.
KeywordsComparative mapping Candidate gene Rice Barley HvST
This project is supported by the Australian Grains Research & Development Corporation, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (2008ZX08001-006, 2010-S26), Research Contract of International Atomic Energy Agency (CPR15422), and Natural Science Foundation of China (30828023).
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