The mortality and morbidity of acute caustic gastric injuries are high. The spectrum of gastric injury due to caustic ingestion varies from hyperemia, erosion, and extensive ulcers to mucosal necrosis. Severe transmural necrosis can be associated with fistulous complications in the acute and subacute phases and stricture formation in the chronic phase. Due to these important clinical implications, timely diagnosis and appropriate management of gastric caustic injury are crucial, and endoscopy plays a pivotal role. However, critically ill patients or those with overt peritonitis and shock cannot undergo endoscopy. Thoraco-abdominal computed tomography (CT) is preferable to endoscopy as it avoids the risk of esophageal perforation and allows the evaluation of the entire gastrointestinal tract, as well as of the surrounding organs. With the advantage of not being invasive, CT scan has a promising role in the early evaluation of caustic injury. It has an increasing role in the emergency setting with good accuracy in identifying patients who are likely to benefit from surgery. In this pictorial essay, we present the CT spectrum of caustic injury of stomach and associated thoraco-abdominal injuries, with clinical follow-up.
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Khan, H.K., Rathi, V., Shreshtha, S. et al. CT appearances of gastric injury due to caustic ingestion and associated findings (a study of 30 cases). Emerg Radiol 30, 539–553 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10140-023-02148-3