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Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system—the spectrum of imaging findings and differential diagnosis


The infectious and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) including the brain and spine can present with a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, locations, and appearance. The purpose of this exhibit is to review the different patterns of their presentations, to illustrate their imaging characteristics and techniques, and to discuss their clinical features and pathology so that the correct diagnosis can be made and prompt intervention can be initiated on a timely fashion.

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Correspondence to Shan Li.

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Rozell, J.M., Mtui, E., Pan, YN. et al. Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system—the spectrum of imaging findings and differential diagnosis. Emerg Radiol 24, 619–633 (2017).

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  • Infectious diseases
  • Inflammatory diseases
  • CNS
  • Brain and spine