Emergency Radiology

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 619–633 | Cite as

Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system—the spectrum of imaging findings and differential diagnosis

  • Joseph M. Rozell
  • Edward Mtui
  • Yu-Ning Pan
  • Shan LiEmail author
Review Article


The infectious and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) including the brain and spine can present with a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, locations, and appearance. The purpose of this exhibit is to review the different patterns of their presentations, to illustrate their imaging characteristics and techniques, and to discuss their clinical features and pathology so that the correct diagnosis can be made and prompt intervention can be initiated on a timely fashion.


Infectious diseases Inflammatory diseases CNS Brain and spine 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© American Society of Emergency Radiology 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Baystate Medical CenterUniversity of Massachusetts School of MedicineSpringfieldUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyNingbo First Hospital, Zhejiang UniversityNingboChina

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