Near infrared photoimmunotherapy using a fiber optic diffuser for treating peritoneal gastric cancer dissemination
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Peritoneal dissemination (PD) of abdominal malignancies is a common form of metastasis and its presence signals a poor prognosis. New treatment is required for patients with PD. Near infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a highly selective tumor treatment that employs an antibody–photo-absorber conjugate (APC). In this study, we investigate in vitro and in vivo efficacy of trastuzumab (tra)-IR700DX NIR-PIT on a human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer cell line.
NIR-PIT effects were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Disseminated peritoneal implants mice were separated into 5 groups: (1) no treatment; (2) tra-IR700 i.v. only; (3) NIR light only; (4) NIR-PIT; (5) repeated NIR-PIT. The peritoneal cavity was irradiated with NIR light using a fiber optic diffuser delivered through the catheter.
Specific binding and cell-specific killing was observed after NIR-PIT in vitro. In the in vivo study, fluorescence endoscopy showed high tumor accumulation of tra-IR700 within tumors. Significantly prolonged survival was achieved in the three treatment groups (tra-IR700 i.v. only, NIR-PIT, and repeated NIR-PIT groups) compared with control and NIR light only group (p < 0.05 for tra-IR700 i.v. only, p < 0.01 for NIR-PIT, and p < 0.0001 for repeated NIR-PIT). Moreover, most prolonged survival was shown for the repeated NIR-PIT group (p < 0.0001 vs tra-IR700 i.v. only, p < 0.01 vs NIR-PIT).
NIR-PIT using a fiber optic diffuser to deliver light is a promising candidate for the treatment of disseminated peritoneal metastases and could be readily translated to humans.
KeywordsNear infrared photoimmunotherapy Gastric cancer Fiber optic light probes Monoclonal antibodies Molecular imaging
All authors were supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, NCI, Center for Cancer Research.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No potential conflicts of interest were disclosed.
All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
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