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Chinese Journal of Polymer Science

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 591–597 | Cite as

Controlled Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate and Styrene via Cu(0)-Mediated RDRP by Selecting the Optimal Reaction Conditions

  • Yong-Peng Miao
  • Jing Lyu
  • Hai-Yang Yong
  • A. Sigen
  • Yong-Sheng GaoEmail author
  • Wen-Xin WangEmail author
Article
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Cu(0)-mediated reversible deactivation radical polymerization (Cu(0)-mediated RDRP) has been demonstrated as an excellent technique to control the polymerization of multiple vinyl monomers (e.g., acrylates, methacrylates, and styrene). However, the complexity of the reaction mechanism and multi-component system nature make it challenging to choose the appropriate conditions and consider the factors of achieving controllable polymerization when switching from one monomer to others with different reactivities. Herein, by polymerizing two examplary monomers: methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene via Cu(0)-mediated RDRP under different conditions, we have found that the reaction parameters (e.g., initiator, ligand, solvent, and deactivator) play a crucial role in regulating two equilibriums: (i) mutual conversion of different copper species which determines the relative concentration of Cu(I) and Cu(II), and (ii) polymerization equilibrium which is the combination of activation/deactivation, propagation and termination processes. We have demonstrated that by taking both the mutual conversion of different copper species and the polymerization equilibrium into account, the optimal reaction conditions could be selected, and the well-controlled Cu(0)-mediated RDRPs of methyl methacrylate and styrene were achieved with narrow molecular weight distributions and predicted molecular weight.

Keywords

Cu(0)-mediated RDRP Reaction parameters Polymerization equilibrium Mutual conversion of copper species 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51573129), Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) Principal Investigator Award (No. 13/IA/1962), Investigator Award (No. 12/IP/1688), and Health Research Board (No. HRA-POR-2013-412).

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Controlled Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate and Styrene via Cu(0)-Mediated RDRP by Selecting the Optimal Reaction Conditions

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Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Charles Institute of Dermatology, School of MedicineUniversity College DublinDublin 4Ireland
  3. 3.School of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringUniversity College DublinDublin 4Ireland

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