Massive Preparation of Coumarone-indene Resin-based Hyper-crosslinked Polymers for Gas Adsorption
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Hyper-crosslinked polymers (HCPs) are promising materials for gas capture and storage because of their low cost and easy preparation. In this work, we report the massive preparation of coumarone-indene resin-based hyper-crosslinked polymers via one-step Friedel-Crafts alkylation. Low-cost coumarone-indene resin serves as the new building block and chloroform is employed as both solvent and external crosslinker. A maximum surface area of 966 m2·g−1 is achieved, which is comparable with that of previously-reported coal tar-based porous organic polymers. Most importantly, a large number of heteroatoms including inherent oxygen atoms and introduced chlorine atoms in obtianed HCPs further enhance the interaction between specific sorbate molecule and adsorbent. Therefore, optimal structural and chemical property endow the new coumarone-indene resin-based HCPs with decent gas storage capacity (14.60 wt% at 273 K and 0.1 MPa for CO2; 1.18 wt% at 77.3 K and 0.1 MPa for H2). These results demonstrate that new HCPs are potential candidates for applications in CO2 and H2 capture.
KeywordsCoumarone-indene resin Friedel-Crafts alkylation Gas adsorption Microporous organic polymers
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This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51373143 and 21674087) and the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (No. 2014J07002).
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