Chinese Journal of Polymer Science

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 275–284 | Cite as

Deformation investigation on iPP/SiO2 composites: Influence of stretching temperature and particle size on morphology evolution and crystalline structure of thin films

  • Xiu-qin Zhang
  • Qian Xing
  • Rong-bo Li
  • Rui Wang (王 锐)
  • Du-jin Wang


In the present work, structure changes during stretching of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and iPP/silicon dioxide (SiO2) composites have been investigated systematically. The α-form crystal structure of both iPP and iPP/SiO2 composites is destroyed and transforms into the mesophase as the samples are stretched at a low temperature (35°C), while stretching at high temperatures (90°C and 120°C) can restrain the appearance of defects and keep the perfection of crystal structure. FTIR results reveal that the stretching temperatures show no obvious difference of the effect on the orientation of pure iPP, however, the orientation of iPP/SiO2 composites is greatly changed by the tensile temperature. In the case of micron-sized SiO2 particles (average particle diameter d > 1 μm), the orientation of the composites is lower than that of pure iPP at all stretching temperatures. The above results suggest that the stretching temperature and the SiO2 particle size have great influence on the structure variation and orientation behavior of iPP/SiO2 composites.


iPP/SiO2 composites Stretching Morphology Structure variation 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiu-qin Zhang
    • 1
  • Qian Xing
    • 2
  • Rong-bo Li
    • 2
  • Rui Wang (王 锐)
    • 1
  • Du-jin Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Clothing Materials R & D and Assessment, Department of Materials Science & EngineeringBeijing Institute of Fashion TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics, Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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