Skip to main content

Adaptive measures for mountain Mediterranean forest ecosystem services under climate and land cover change in the Mont-Ventoux regional nature park, France


Climate change (CC) and land use and land cover change (LULCC) threaten Mediterranean forests and the ecosystem services (ES) they provide. In complex socio-ecological systems and under high uncertainties, the resilience of ES has become the target objective for adaptive management strategies driven by decision-makers and local stakeholders. This work develops an integrative and territorial approach to combining biophysical modeling and local managers’ assessments to elaborate scenarios of LULCC in response to climate and socioeconomic changes. It also evaluates the impacts of forest ecosystem changes on coupled ES for different time horizons for a case study of the mountain Mediterranean forests of Mont-Ventoux regional nature park. The results demonstrate first that the future ES provisions predicted by biophysical modeling in this area are less affected by CC than expected by local managers. Furthermore, LULCC increases the changes in ES provision and accentuates the difference between climate scenarios. These results originate from a combination of two effects: (1) pessimistic predictions by local managers and, as a consequence, and (2) anticipatory actions that tend to reinforce or even accelerate the expected changes in the mountain Mediterranean forest area.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5


  1. The modeled climate scenario data follow the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP)

  2. “Wayfinder represents a new generation of resilience practice that will guide development practitioners, policymakers and other change-makers navigating towards better futures.”


Download references


This work was supported by a grant from the ERA-NET FORESTERRA project INFORMED. The authors wish to thank the following for their cooperation and constructive discussions regarding the issues raised in this paper: Olivier Delaprison, Jean Ladier, Anthony Roux, Philippe Dreyfus, the different members of the INFORMED workshop, and reviewers/participants at the Ecosystem Services Partnership (ESP) Regional Europe conference (San Sebastian, 2018) for their useful comments.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Laetitia Tuffery.

Additional information

Communicated by Christopher Reyer

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Supplementary Information


(TIF 1.58 mb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tuffery, L., Davi, H., López-García, N. et al. Adaptive measures for mountain Mediterranean forest ecosystem services under climate and land cover change in the Mont-Ventoux regional nature park, France. Reg Environ Change 21, 12 (2021).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Mountain Mediterranean forests
  • Ecosystem services
  • Climate change
  • Adaptive scenarios
  • Socio-ecological approach