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Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 18, Issue 7, pp 2047–2058 | Cite as

Resilience thinking applied to fisheries management: perspectives for the mullet fishery in Southern-Southeastern Brazil

  • Michelle Alves de Abreu-Mota
  • Rodrigo Pereira Medeiros
  • Mauricio Almeida Noernberg
Original Article

Abstract

The mullet fishery system encompasses a complex arrange of ecological and socioeconomic factors interacting in multiple scales on the Southern-Southeastern Brazilian coast. Similarly, to other fisheries in developing countries, overfishing and poor governance have been threatening the resilience of the mullet fishery. In this paper, we explore aspects related to fisheries management from the perspective of the concept of resilience. The industrial and artisanal fishery sectors represent the different stakeholders. The main issues of concern are related to failures in the fisheries management to properly address equity in resource access and resource use sustainability among stakeholders. Asymmetry in technology and political and economic power affect food security and income generation especially for subsistence and small-scale fishing. Despite changes in rules-in-use, overfishing and conflicts between resource users are still relevant. Fishery dynamics and resource availability are greatly affected locally by forces such as pollution, urbanization, non-selective fishing, and regionally, by the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and industrial (purse-seine) fishery. Considering the influence of ENSO on this fishery, a time span of at least 7 years to investigate this system could provide better answers to improve the management. Effective resilient fisheries should rely on three aspects. First, there should be a flexible fish allocation system based on ecosystem variability. Secondly, fish allocation should prioritize food security and poverty alleviation. Thirdly, a monitoring system should be implemented that takes into consideration ecosystem, fisheries and human dimensions to support a flexible and adaptive fisheries management, with resilient fisheries as an ultimate goal.

Keywords

Adaptive cycle Lebranche mullet Industrial fishery Climate change Patos Lagoon estuary 

Notes

Acknowledgements

M. A. Abreu-Mota is thankful to the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for a Ph.D. scholarship. This study was developed as part of a graduate course on Coastal and Ocean Systems at the Federal University of Paraná (PGSISCO-UFPR).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Alves de Abreu-Mota
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Pereira Medeiros
    • 1
  • Mauricio Almeida Noernberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Estudos do MarUniversidade Federal do ParanáPontal do ParanáBrazil

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