Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1535–1553 | Cite as

Climate change research in Bangladesh: research gaps and implications for adaptation-related decision-making

  • H.M. Tuihedur RahmanEmail author
  • Gordon M. Hickey
  • James D. Ford
  • Malcolm A. Egan


In this paper, we present the results of a systematic literature review of climate change vulnerability-related research conducted in Bangladesh between 1994 and 2017 in order to identify trends and knowledge gaps. Our results identify interesting evolutions in the temporal and spatial scales of study and the nature of spatial and thematic associations, suggesting important knowledge gaps in the existing literature that likely limit understandings of scale-sensitive climate change impacts. We also observed a temporal mismatch between the published studies and policy-making processes focused on adaptation and mitigation and a bias towards the economic aspects of climate change, with less focus on social and environmental issues. Thematically, the climate change-related scholarship in Bangladesh would benefit from more integrative, cross-theme, and transdisciplinary studies, potentially drawing on the different theoretical constructs of vulnerability and adaptation. Such studies will be needed to better support evidence-based public policy and also to more accurately reflect the diversity of knowledge gaps and challenges concerning climatic stresses in Bangladesh at different scales and in different contexts.


Bangladesh Climate change Adaptation Vulnerability Systematic review Knowledge synthesis 


Funding information

We would like to acknowledge the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation and IPCC for their financial support to conduct the research. Additional funding support was provided by the William Dawson Scholar Award, McGill University.

Compliance with ethical standards


The comments of the paper are solely the responsibility of the authors and under no circumstances may be considered as a reflection of the position of the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation and/or the IPCC.

Supplementary material

10113_2017_1271_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 21 kb)
10113_2017_1271_MOESM2_ESM.docx (51 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 50 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.M. Tuihedur Rahman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gordon M. Hickey
    • 1
  • James D. Ford
    • 2
  • Malcolm A. Egan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesMcGill University, Macdonald CampusSte-Anne-de-BellevueCanada
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Burnside HallMcGill University, Downtown CampusMontrealCanada

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