Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 501–514

Trends and events through seven centuries: the history of a wetland landscape in the Czech Republic

  • Péter Szabó
  • Andrea Gálová
  • Eva Jamrichová
  • Kateřina Šumberová
  • Jan Šipoš
  • Radim Hédl
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10113-016-1033-0

Cite this article as:
Szabó, P., Gálová, A., Jamrichová, E. et al. Reg Environ Change (2017) 17: 501. doi:10.1007/s10113-016-1033-0

Abstract

Environmental change can be viewed as the combined result of long-term processes and singular events. While long-term trends appear to be readily available for observation (in the form of temporal comparisons or space-for-time substitution), it is more difficult to gain information on singular events in the past, although these can be equally significant in shaping ecosystems. We examined the past 700 years in the history of a lowland wetland landscape in the Czech Republic with the help of palaeoecological, ecological, landscape archaeological, and archival data. Macrofossil and pollen data were compared to known drainage works in the area and historical climatological data. Trends and events in habitat conditions were assessed using species indicator values. Results showed that ecological succession was the general process in the study area, detected as a trend towards eutrophication, desiccation, and vegetation closure. Short-term events influenced development at the sites mainly from the second half of the nineteenth century. This is consistent with drainage history, although bias related to sample frequency cannot be excluded. On the whole, long-term trends and discrete events were complementary on different scales. We conclude that humans facilitated and accelerated background processes, which can be most likely associated with the succession of open wetlands towards terrestrial ecosystems.

Keywords

Human impact Macrofossils Pollen Species indicator values Vegetation development Drainage channels 

Supplementary material

10113_2016_1033_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (132 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 131 kb)
10113_2016_1033_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (173 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 172 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (PDF 2871 kb)
10113_2016_1033_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (219 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 218 kb)
10113_2016_1033_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (2.9 mb)
Supplementary material 5 (PDF 2942 kb)
10113_2016_1033_MOESM6_ESM.pdf (4 mb)
Supplementary material 6 (PDF 4078 kb)

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
European Research Council
  • 278065
Czech Science Foundation
  • 14-36079G
  • IAA600050812
Akademie věd České Republiky
  • RVO 67985939

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Péter Szabó
    • 1
  • Andrea Gálová
    • 2
  • Eva Jamrichová
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kateřina Šumberová
    • 1
  • Jan Šipoš
    • 1
    • 3
  • Radim Hédl
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Vegetation EcologyInstitute of Botany of the Czech Academy of SciencesBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of ScienceMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of OstravaOstravaCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Botany, Faculty of SciencePalacký UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic

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