Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 16, Issue 8, pp 2171–2185 | Cite as

Developing an integrated framework to assess agri-food systems and its application in the Ecuadorian Andes

  • Virginia Vallejo-Rojas
  • Federica Ravera
  • Marta G. Rivera-FerreEmail author
Original Article


Agri-food systems assessment can be performed following official and alternative framings, each linked to different objects of study, methods of analysis, and policy responses. Alternative frames conceptualize agri-food systems as the integration and interaction of humans and the agro-environment (i.e., as socio-ecological systems). This conceptualization allows studying the cross-level, cross-scale, and nonlinear interactions within and between the components of the system and help assess policy proposals, such as food sovereignty, in a more systemic way. To facilitate this, we link reflections and methodologies from complex system thinking and vulnerability studies applied to agri-food systems to propose an integrated framework of assessment, which links the agroecological context and the social function of agriculture, considering actor’s agency and institutional processes. This framework is suitable to analyze agri-food systems in fragile and marginal environments such as the Andean region. We apply the framework to assess vulnerability of local agri-food systems to global change in the southern Ecuadorian Andes, taking into account the role of peasant institutions (agroecological associations, comunas) and indigenous culture. The framework also allows understanding how agri-food policies change the configuration of agri-food systems and determines whether these changes are consistent with communities’ livelihoods reproduction.


Agri-food systems Andes Food sovereignty Policy analysis Social–ecological systems Vulnerability 



We thank Narcisa Medina and Rovin Andrade, local leaders of the rural Andean parishes Jimbilla and San Lucas of the Loja canton; and to Nancy Huaca, coordinator of the RAL, who have shown their aperture for carrying out the first-phase of research in eight communities of their locality. This research is part of a PhD study funded by the National Secretariat for Science, Technology and Innovation (SENESCYT) of Ecuadorian government. The Alliance University and Autonomous University of Madrid, which also contributed to funding the writing of this article, is also acknowledged.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia Vallejo-Rojas
    • 1
  • Federica Ravera
    • 2
    • 4
  • Marta G. Rivera-Ferre
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Center of Agri-food Economy and DevelopmentParc Mediterrani de la TecnologiaCastelldefelsSpain
  2. 2.Socio-Ecological Systems Laboratory, Department of EcologyAutonomous University of MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Research Group Inclusive Societies, Policies and Communities, UST, Chair Agroecology and Food SystemsUniversity of Vic-Central University of CataloniaVicSpain
  4. 4.CREAFCataloniaSpain

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