Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 967–978 | Cite as

Potential of existing policies of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government for implementing adaptation to climate change

  • Yasuaki HijiokaEmail author
  • Saneyuki Takano
  • Kazutaka Oka
  • Minoru Yoshikawa
  • Arata Ichihashi
  • Kenshi Baba
  • Sawako Ishiwatari
Original Article


The impacts of climate change are apparent in various regions of the world. Even though climate change may have a positive effect, it is anticipated that there will be many severely negative effects on human and natural resources in the future. Therefore, in addition to the need for stronger promotion of mitigation policies, it is urgently necessary to study and implement adaptation policies over the longer term to prepare for the possible negative impact of climate change. To implement climate change adaptation measures rapidly in Japan, it would seem practical and effective to make good use of the various countermeasures already promoted by both the national and the local governments for many sectors such as disaster prevention, environmental management, food production, and protection of the nation’s health. These countermeasures are considered to have potential for effecting climate change adaptation. This study, focusing on adaptation to climate change negative impacts, investigates to what extent the existing policies of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government could contribute to climate change adaptation, based on a comprehensive examination of targeted fields and indicators for which adaptation policies could be pursued. The results showed many of the existing policies could be useful for adaptation to climate change in many sectors. Furthermore, less than half of these policies need to take future climate change into account in order to contribute to climate change adaptation. This study proposes three basic steps that consider future climate change and local governmental propositions for the rapid implementation of adaptation policies in Japan.


Climate change Existing policies Adaptation measures Mainstreaming adaptation Tokyo Metropolitan Government 



This research was supported by Collaborative Research on the Impacts of Climate Change on Tokyo and the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S-8) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.

Supplementary material

10113_2015_809_MOESM1_ESM.docx (59 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 58 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuaki Hijioka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saneyuki Takano
    • 2
  • Kazutaka Oka
    • 2
  • Minoru Yoshikawa
    • 2
  • Arata Ichihashi
    • 3
  • Kenshi Baba
    • 4
  • Sawako Ishiwatari
    • 5
  1. 1.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Mizuho Information & Research Institute, Inc.TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental ProtectionTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Center for Regional ResearchHosei UniversityTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Global Sky, Ltd.TokyoJapan

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