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Climate change impacts on discharges of the Rhone River in Lyon by the end of the twenty-first century: model results and implications

Abstract

We assess possible modifications in the hydrological behaviour of the Rhone River and its tributaries at Lyon (France). We identify changes during the late-twentieth century based on observations and characterise potential impacts of climatic changes on river response by the end of the century. Different scenarios of the latest generation of IPCC AR5 CMIP5 and hydrological modelling were used and included two scenarios for future outlet discharge of Lake Geneva (Switzerland). We show that discharges in the Rhone basin are likely to decrease significantly by the end of the century and that the seasonality of run-off will change substantially as well. In addition, projections point to smaller discharge during low flows, but higher low flows in its sub-basins. Regarding floods, high flows exhibit a general tendency to decrease, whereas potential upwards can be observed for the more extreme floods (less frequent). The approach reported in this paper will help to reflect on the governance modalities of a transboundary river such as the Rhone, especially when water management depends on concession contracts, which are usually granted for several decades and typically last between 60 and 90 years.

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Acknowledgments

This work has been realised within the GOUVRHONE—hydropower and the regulation of the Rhone River in a context of climate change and electricity liberalisation project and was funded by the French Ministry of Ecology, the French Water Agency Rhone Méditerranée and Corse, the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, the cantons of Geneva and Vaud, the Services Industriels de Genève and Electricité de France. The authors acknowledge the substantial support and feedback of Christophe Corona, Samuel Morin, Xavier Rodriguez Lloveras, Mario Rohrer and Annina Sorg.

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Correspondence to Virginia Ruiz-Villanueva.

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Ruiz-Villanueva, V., Stoffel, M., Bussi, G. et al. Climate change impacts on discharges of the Rhone River in Lyon by the end of the twenty-first century: model results and implications. Reg Environ Change 15, 505–515 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0707-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0707-8

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Water resources
  • Floods
  • Droughts
  • River management
  • Rhone River