Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 355–367 | Cite as

Adapting to climate change through urban water management: a participatory case study in Indonesia

  • Dewi G. C. Kirono
  • Silva Larson
  • Grace Tjandraatmadja
  • Anne Leitch
  • Luis Neumann
  • Shiroma Maheepala
  • Roland Barkey
  • Amran Achmad
  • Mary Selintung
Original Article


The benefits of integrated approaches to climate risk and adaptation studies are increasingly recognised. Thus, there is an increasing need for practical examples of such work in the literature. This paper describes a practical application of an integrated framework for climate change impacts on regional surface water resources and the urban water system in the Mamminasata metropolitan region, Indonesia. Two main features of the framework are: the integration of both climate and other physical and social considerations in the assessment; and the high stakeholder involvement before, during and after project implementation. Although the study is concerned with the Mamminasata region, the overall methodology is transferable to any region in Indonesia or internationally. Key outcomes from this study are: (1) creation of information for Mamminasata planners and water resources managers for when, and under what conditions, the water supply may or may not meet the demand; (2) a clear consensus and shared learning of the problems facing the region among cross-institutional stakeholders; and (3) identification of adaptation options for the urban water system and knowledge gaps and strategies for their implementation. Results of stakeholders’ surveys conducted at the mid-point and at the end of the study indicate that these outputs will provide valuable guidance for future planning and management of Mamminasata regional water resources.


Climate adaptation Integrated urban water management Makassar Stakeholder engagement Urban areas Water security 



The research was funded by the AusAID CSIRO Research for Development Alliance ( It was a collaborative effort among the CSIRO, Australia, Hasanuddin University (UNHAS); State Ministry of Environment—the Ecoregion Management Center for SUMAPAPUA (PPE); Bureau of Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG); Makassar’s PDAM; the Makassar Public Work Agency (DPU) and Environmental Agency (BLHD); Mamminasata Board; and AusAID-Indonesian Post. We acknowledge significant contribution from all stakeholders and UNHAS students involved in all the project activities. Figure 1 was drawn by Muh N Iman. We thank James Butler, Marie Ekström, Brenda Lin, the editors and three anonymous reviewers for their positive comments on the earlier version of the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dewi G. C. Kirono
    • 1
  • Silva Larson
    • 2
    • 5
    • 6
  • Grace Tjandraatmadja
    • 3
  • Anne Leitch
    • 2
  • Luis Neumann
    • 3
  • Shiroma Maheepala
    • 3
  • Roland Barkey
    • 4
  • Amran Achmad
    • 4
  • Mary Selintung
    • 4
  1. 1.CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Climate Adaptation FlagshipAspendaleAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Climate Adaptation FlagshipTownsvilleAustralia
  3. 3.CSIRO Land and Water, Climate Adaptation FlagshipHighettAustralia
  4. 4.Hasanuddin UniversityMakassarIndonesia
  5. 5.AquaEnergieLLCBaldwinsvilleUSA
  6. 6.School of BusinessJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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