Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 153–164 | Cite as

Farmers’ vulnerability to climate variability in Dimapur district of Nagaland, India

  • Chubanaro Jamir
  • Nitasha SharmaEmail author
  • Asmita Sengupta
  • N. H. Ravindranath
Original Article


Certain parts of the State of Nagaland situated in the northeastern region of India have been experiencing rainfall deficit over the past few years leading to severe drought-like conditions, which is likely to be aggravated under a climate change scenario. The state has already incurred considerable losses in the agricultural sector. Regional vulnerability assessments need to be carried out in order to help policy makers and planners formulate and implement effective drought management strategies. The present study uses an ‘index-based approach’ to quantify the climate variability-induced vulnerability of farmers in five villages of Dimapur district, Nagaland. Indicators, which are reflective of the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the farmers to drought, were quantified on the basis of primary data generated through household surveys and participatory rural appraisal supplemented by secondary data in order to calculate a composite vulnerability index. The composite vulnerability index of village New Showba was found to be the least, while Zutovi, the highest. The overall results reveal that biophysical characteristics contribute the most to overall vulnerability. Some potential adaptation strategies were also identified based on observations and discussions with the villagers.


Climate variability Vulnerability assessment Droughts Indicators Composite vulnerability index 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chubanaro Jamir
    • 1
  • Nitasha Sharma
    • 2
    Email author
  • Asmita Sengupta
    • 2
  • N. H. Ravindranath
    • 2
  1. 1.Indian Council of Forestry Research and EducationForest Research Institute UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Sustainable TechnologiesIndian Institute of Science (IISc)BengaluruIndia

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