Advertisement

Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 153–164 | Cite as

Farmers’ vulnerability to climate variability in Dimapur district of Nagaland, India

  • Chubanaro Jamir
  • Nitasha SharmaEmail author
  • Asmita Sengupta
  • N. H. Ravindranath
Original Article

Abstract

Certain parts of the State of Nagaland situated in the northeastern region of India have been experiencing rainfall deficit over the past few years leading to severe drought-like conditions, which is likely to be aggravated under a climate change scenario. The state has already incurred considerable losses in the agricultural sector. Regional vulnerability assessments need to be carried out in order to help policy makers and planners formulate and implement effective drought management strategies. The present study uses an ‘index-based approach’ to quantify the climate variability-induced vulnerability of farmers in five villages of Dimapur district, Nagaland. Indicators, which are reflective of the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the farmers to drought, were quantified on the basis of primary data generated through household surveys and participatory rural appraisal supplemented by secondary data in order to calculate a composite vulnerability index. The composite vulnerability index of village New Showba was found to be the least, while Zutovi, the highest. The overall results reveal that biophysical characteristics contribute the most to overall vulnerability. Some potential adaptation strategies were also identified based on observations and discussions with the villagers.

Keywords

Climate variability Vulnerability assessment Droughts Indicators Composite vulnerability index 

References

  1. Barnosky AD (2008) Climate change, refugia, and biodiversity: where do we go from here? An editorial comment. Clim Change 86:29–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birkmann J (2006) Measuring vulnerability to promote disaster-resilient societies: conceptual frameworks and definitions. In: Birkmann J (ed) Measuring vulnerability to natural hazards: towards disaster resilient societies. United Nations University Press, Tokyo, pp 9–57Google Scholar
  3. Das PJ (2005) Integrated water resources management (IWRM): a Northeast Indian perspective, water and climate programme. AARANYAK. In: National workshop on “learning platforms to understand and operationalise IWRM”, IIT-Guwahati, AssamGoogle Scholar
  4. Das P, Chutiya D, Hazarika N (2009) Adjusting to floods in the Brahmaputra plains, Assam, India. ICIMOD, KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  5. Fussel HM (2007) Vulnerability: a generally applicable conceptual framework for climate change research. Glob Environ Change 17(2):155–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gallopin GC (1997) Indicators and their use: information for decision-making. In: Moldan B, Billharz S (eds) Sustainability indicators. Wiley, New York, pp 13–28Google Scholar
  7. Golub GH, Van Loan CF (1996) Matrix computations, 3rd edn. The John Hopkins University Press, MDGoogle Scholar
  8. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (1997) IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. In: Watson RT, Zinyowera MC, Moss RH (eds) The regional impacts of climate change: an assessment of vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 253–330Google Scholar
  9. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2001) Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In: McCarthy JJ, Canziani OF, Leary NA, Dokken DJ, White KS (eds) Contribution of working group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  10. Patnaik U, Narayanan K (2009) Vulnerability and climate change: an analysis of the eastern coastal districts of India. MPRA Paper No. 22062. Available at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/22062/. Accessed 12 Apr 2010
  11. Planning Commission (2007) Eleventh five-year plan: 2007–2012. In: Report of the working group on risk management in agriculture for XI five year plan (2007–2012). Planning Commission, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  12. Rao GSLHVP, Rao GGSN, Rao VUM, Ramakrishna YS (2008) Climate change and agriculture over India, AICRP on agrometeorology. Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, pp 13–48Google Scholar
  13. Ravindranath NH, Rao S, Sharma N, Nair M, Gopalakrishnan R, Rao A, Malaviya S, Tiwari R, Sagadevan A, Munsi M, Krishna N, Bala G (2011) Climate change vulnerability profiles for North East India. Curr Sci 101(3):10Google Scholar
  14. Sinha MB (2009) Report on North East India—the development paradigm. Available at http://www.dorabjitatatrust.org/northeast/pdf/ReportonNE.pdf. Accessed 5 June 2010
  15. Smit B, Smithers J (1994) Sustainable agriculture: interpretations, analyses and prospects. Can J Reg Sci 16(3):499–524Google Scholar
  16. Stern N (2006) Stern review: the economics of climate change. HM Treasury, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Tiwari R, Somashekhar HI, Ramakrishna PVR, Murthy IK, Mohan Kumar MS, Mohan Kumar BK, Parate H, Varma M, Malaviya S, Rao AS, Sengupta A, Kattumuri R, Ravindranath NH (2011) MGNREGA for environmental service enhancement and vulnerability reduction: rapid appraisal in Chitradurga district, Karnataka. Econ Polit Wkly Xlvi(20):39–47Google Scholar
  18. Warren R, Arnell N, Nicholls R, Levy P, Price J (2006) Understanding the regional impacts of climate change. In: Research report prepared for the Stern review. Tyndall Centre working paper 90. Tyndall Centre, NorwichGoogle Scholar
  19. Wilson A, Tyrchniewicz A (1995) Agriculture and sustainable development: policy analysis on the Great Plains. International Institute for Sustainable Development, Winnipeg, p 108Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chubanaro Jamir
    • 1
  • Nitasha Sharma
    • 2
    Email author
  • Asmita Sengupta
    • 2
  • N. H. Ravindranath
    • 2
  1. 1.Indian Council of Forestry Research and EducationForest Research Institute UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Sustainable TechnologiesIndian Institute of Science (IISc)BengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations