Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 1–15 | Cite as

The impacts of herbivory on vegetation in Moremi Game Reserve, Botswana: 1967–2001

Original Article


Browsing and grazing pressure on vegetation in the Moremi Game Reserve in Botswana was analyzed using remotely sensed imagery comprising CORONA photographs of 1967 and Landsat TM and Landsat ETM imagery of 1989 and 1994 and 2001, respectively. Comparison of temporal variations in the spatial distributions of different vegetation types and changes in the abundance of selected wildlife species demonstrate a persistent decrease in capacity of the environment to support wild animals, due to increasing abundance of poorly preferred browse species and increasing scarcity of favored varieties. Given the long-term direction of change showing continued deterioration of habitat conditions and the limited prospects for reversal of this trend, it is apparent that there is immediate need to realign wildlife management strategies in ways that can enhance the sustainability of wildlife and the supporting environment.


Wildlife management Vegetation response Preferred browse 

Supplementary material

10113_2011_230_MOESM1_ESM.doc (786 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 786 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural Research CouncilInstitute for Soil, Water and ClimatePretoriaSouth Africa

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