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Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 519–529 | Cite as

Human appropriation of aboveground photosynthetic production in the Czech Republic

  • David VačkářEmail author
  • Erika Orlitová
Original Article

Abstract

We assessed human impacts on ecosystems by calculating the proportion of aboveground net primary production appropriated by humans (aHANPP) in the territory of the Czech Republic. The human appropriation of aboveground net primary production reached 21.5 Tg C per year in 2006 or 56% of the annual potential natural productivity. Harvested productivity equivalent aNPPH is contributing to the overall appropriation of photosynthetic production by 80%. Considerable productivity losses have been induced by agricultural land conversion and urbanization. While artificial surfaces are responsible for the appropriation of whole ecosystem production, productivity of urban green areas and managed forests can even exceed natural productivity levels. In the period 1990–2000, the aHANPP dropped by 7%, but the indicator shows an increase by over 2% in the period 2000–2006. The indicator of human appropriation of net primary production enables translation of land cover changes into measures of ecosystem services affected by human activities. We found aHANPP to be a suitable indicator of human impacts on ecosystems, as it detects trends and enables spatial mapping of human impacts.

Keywords

Human appropriation of net primary production Land cover change Ecosystem use Biophysical indicators Human impacts Czech Republic 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank H. Haberl and two anonymous reviewers for comments on earlier versions of the manuscript. L. Skapec (AOPK CR), Institute of Botany (AV CR) and CENIA, kindly provided data on potential natural vegetation and Corine Land Cover. We also thank our colleagues B. Moldan, J. Kovanda, and M. Havranek for useful comments on the analysis, and O. Nalevka for assistance with GIS data preparation. The research was funded by grant number 2B06183, National Research Program II, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.

Supplementary material

10113_2010_167_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (857 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 856 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Charles University in Prague, Environment CenterPraha 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.GISATPraha 7Czech Republic

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