Journal of Geographical Systems

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 25–47 | Cite as

Spatial process and data models: Toward integration of agent-based models and GIS

  • Daniel G. Brown
  • Rick Riolo
  • Derek T. Robinson
  • Michael North
  • William Rand
Article

Abstract.

The use of object-orientation for both spatial data and spatial process models facilitates their integration, which can allow exploration and explanation of spatial-temporal phenomena. In order to better understand how tight coupling might proceed and to evaluate the possible functional and efficiency gains from such a tight coupling, we identify four key relationships affecting how geographic data (fields and objects) and agent-based process models can interact: identity, causal, temporal and topological. We discuss approaches to implementing tight integration, focusing on a middleware approach that links existing GIS and ABM development platforms, and illustrate the need and approaches with example agent-based models.

Keywords

Object-orientation Agent-based models Spatial-temporal modeling Topology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel G. Brown
    • 1
    • 3
  • Rick Riolo
    • 3
  • Derek T. Robinson
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michael North
    • 2
  • William Rand
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Natural Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Argonne National Laboratory 
  3. 3.Center for the Study of Complex SystemsUniversity of Michigan 

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