Migrants and market potential in Spain over the twentieth century: a test of the new economic geography

Abstract

In this paper, we offer a structural contrast of a new economic geography model in Spain over three different periods: the 1920s, the 1960s, and the early years of the 21st century. In line with Crozet (J Econ Geogr 4:439–458, 2004), we analyse the possible existence of a forward effect, i.e. the existence of a relationship between the workers’ localisation decisions and the market potential of the regions. Our results show that this model provides a good explanation of migrant behaviour in Spain throughout the 20th century. Moreover, the changes in the parameters estimated are consistent with a change in the migratory model and reflect the tendency towards a spatial redispersion of economic activity in recent decades.

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Correspondence to Elisenda Paluzie.

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Paluzie, E., Pons, J., Silvestre, J. et al. Migrants and market potential in Spain over the twentieth century: a test of the new economic geography. Span Econ Rev 11, 243–265 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10108-008-9052-8

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Keywords

  • Migrations
  • Industrial agglomerations
  • Market potential

JEL Classification

  • R23
  • N63
  • N64
  • N93
  • F14
  • F15