Lasers in Medical Science

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 223–234 | Cite as

Is there a measure for low power laser dose?

  • Adenilson de Souza da FonsecaEmail author
Review Article


Low power lasers have been used successfully for treatment of many diseases in soft and bone tissues. Basic and clinical researches have developed quickly being the scientific basis to therapeutic protocols based on these lasers. However, there are difficulties to compare experimental and clinical results obtained from different researchers because a complicated and intricate list of physical and biological parameters should be checked before the irradiation procedures as well as part of these parameters are omitted or inaccurately reported. This review focuses on the physical and biological parameters proposed to make experimental and clinical protocols accurate and reproducible as well as suggests dose parameters based on biological effects induced by low power lasers. A variety of parameters are reported by different authors and the number of parameter suggested could overcome three dozens. Thus, laser dose and laser dose equivalent are defined based on laser-induced biological effects and suggested as simplified dose parameters for low power lasers. These parameters could simplify and be useful to researchers and clinicians, permitting comparisons and decreasing mistakes and inaccuracies when laser-induced effects are evaluated and compared with those obtained in previous studies. The laser dose and laser dose equivalent could contribute significantly to improve accuracy, effectiveness, and safety of clinical protocols based on low power lasers.


Dose Energy Fluence Power density Laser Spot size 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcantara GomesUniversidade do Estado do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Centro de Ciências da SaúdeCentro Universitário Serra dos ÓrgãosRio de JaneiroBrazil

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