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The efficacy of photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming in the removal of calcium silicate-based filling remnants from the root canal after rotary retreatment


The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) in the removal of filling remnants from root canals after rotary phase of retreatment and to examine the difference in the amount of residual material considering the type of sealer. Thirty-six extracted single-rooted human teeth were instrumented and randomly divided into three groups according to the filling material used: group 1: EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brassler, USA), group 2: MTA Fillapex (Angelus Solucoes Odontologicas, Londrina, Brasil), and group 3: AH Plus sealer (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany). Cold lateral condensation technique was used. After 2 weeks, the root canals were retreated with a rotary phase retreatment system (ProTaper Universal Retreatment, Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), followed by Er:YAG laser-activated irrigation (photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming, PIPS). The specimens were scanned in a micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) device after root canal filling, after the rotary retreatment, and after the PIPS. There was significant reduction in the amount of filling material after the rotary phase of retreatment in all groups (p < 0.05), the highest in the MTA Fillapex group (p < 0.001) and no difference between the EndoSequence BC and the AH Plus (p = 0.608). There was significant reduction of the filling remnants after the PIPS in all groups (p < 0.05). The MTA Fillapex was the most easily removed during rotary phase of the retreatment, and there were no differences in the amount of the remaining filling material between EndoSequence BC and the AH Plus groups after rotary phase of the retreatment. The PIPS improved the removal of filling remnants in all groups.

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Correspondence to Ivona Bago.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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The study is an ex vivo study and does not include human participants.

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Suk, M., Bago, I., Katić, M. et al. The efficacy of photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming in the removal of calcium silicate-based filling remnants from the root canal after rotary retreatment. Lasers Med Sci 32, 2055–2062 (2017).

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  • Calcium silicate
  • Retreatment
  • ProTaper
  • Laser-activated irrigation
  • Micro-CT