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Effects of hair removal alexandrite laser on biometric parameters of the skin

Abstract

The effects of alexandrite laser (AL) on skin parameters such as melanin content, skin layer depth, elasticity, and density have not been investigated through biometric methods. We aim to assess the effect of AL on the skin parameters through biometric devices to determine whether it has positive effects on treated region. In this pretest-posttest study, we recruited patients who attended Laser Clinic of Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, from January through December 2014. Patients had to be free of any dermatologic conditions and lesion at the site of treatment or any contraindication to laser therapy. Baseline measurements were performed and patients received four sessions of AL therapy (spot size, 12 mm; fluence, 12 J/cm2; and pulse width, 5 Hz) with 4-week intervals. Four weeks after the last treatment session, the same parameters were assessed that included skin color, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), dermis and epidermis density and depth (through skin ultrasonography), melanin content, erythema intensity, and skin elasticity. Biometric parameters of 33 patients (27 females [81.8 %]), with mean (SD) age of 35.7 (9.5) years were evaluated. The mean percent changes of skin parameters were as follows: skin color, 5.88 % through Visioface and by 56.8 % through Colorimeter devices (became lighter); melanin content, −15.95 %; TEWL, −2.96 %; elasticity, +14.88 %; dermis depth −19.01 %; and dermis density, +1580.11 % (P < 0.001 for changes in each parameter). AL could decrease melanin content of the skin and make the skin thinner while it could increase elasticity and density of epidermis and dermis, which might indicate increased collagen content of skin.

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Correspondence to Mohammadali Nilforoushzadeh.

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Funding and support

This study was conducted by the financial support of Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

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The authors declared that they have no conflict of interest regarding materials and devices used in this study.

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Alavi, S., Abolhasani, E. & Nilforoushzadeh, M. Effects of hair removal alexandrite laser on biometric parameters of the skin. Lasers Med Sci 31, 481–484 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-016-1899-6

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Keywords

  • Alexandrite laser
  • Melanin
  • Elasticity
  • Insensible Water loss