Vascular regeneration effect of adipose-derived stem cells with light-emitting diode phototherapy in ischemic tissue
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects on the vascular regeneration of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) by using red light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation in ischemic hind limbs. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) has been shown to enhance proliferation and cytokine secretion of a number of cells. ASCs are an attractive cell source for vascular tissue engineering. This approach is hindered because transplanted ASCs decline rapidly in the recipient tissue. Ischemic hind limbs were treated with LLLT from an LED array (660 nm) at an irradiance of 50 mW/cm2 and a radiant exposure of 30 J/cm2. LLLT, ASC transplantation, and ASC transplantation with LLLT (ASC + LLLT) were applied to ischemic limbs, and cell survival and differentiation, and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor of the ASCs were evaluated by immunostaining and Western blot analyses. Vascular regeneration was assessed by immunostaining and hematoxylin and eosin staining. In the ASC + LLLT group, the survival of ASCs was increased due to the decreased apoptosis of ASCs. The secretion of growth factors was stimulated in this group compared with ASCs alone. The ASC + LLLT group displayed improved treatment efficacy including neovascularization and tissue regeneration compared with ASCs alone. In particular, quantitative analysis of laser Doppler blood perfusion image ratio showed that blood perfusion was enhanced significantly (p < 0.05) by ASC + LLLT treatment. These data suggest that LLLT is an effective biostimulator of ASCs in vascular regeneration, which enhances the survival of ASCs and stimulates the secretion of growth factors in ischemic limbs.
KeywordsAdipose-derived stromal cell Angiogenesis Low-level light Vascular endothelial growth factor Ischemic limbs
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