A qualitative multi-criteria modelling approach to the assessment of electric energy production technologies in Slovenia

Abstract

A methodological approach to the strategic evaluation of electric energy production technologies in Slovenia is presented. The aim of this work is to make a transparent and reproducible identification of reliable, rational, and environmentally sound production of electric energy in Slovenia by 2050. The approach is based on a qualitative multi-criteria modelling method DEX and consists of three stages: (1) assessment of individual technologies for electricity production, (2) assessment of mixtures of technologies and (3) evaluation of scenarios of shutting-down existing old power plants and constructing the new ones until 2050. Technology alternatives include both conventional and renewable energy sources: coal fired, gas fired, biomass fired, oil fired, nuclear, hydro, wind, and photovoltaic. The results indicate that only mixtures of nuclear, hydro, and gas fired technologies can meet expected energy needs in a sufficiently reliable and rational way.

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Acknowledgments

This research has been financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Technology of the Republic of Slovenia (Research Voucher No. OPRR/1/1/002-0-MIZKŠ dated September 24, 2012), and GEN energija, d.o.o., and was implemented as a research voucher project in the framework of the EU Operational Programme for Strengthening Regional Development Potentials for the period 2007–2013, priority axis “Competitiveness and research excellence”.

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Correspondence to Marko Bohanec.

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This is an extended and revised version of the paper presented at SOR 2015, 13th International Symposium on Operations Research in Slovenia, September 23–25, 2015, Bled, Slovenia.

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Bohanec, M., Trdin, N. & Kontić, B. A qualitative multi-criteria modelling approach to the assessment of electric energy production technologies in Slovenia. Cent Eur J Oper Res 25, 611–625 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10100-016-0457-4

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Keywords

  • Electric energy production technology
  • Power plants
  • Multi-criteria decision modelling
  • Qualitative model
  • Decision rules
  • Method DEX