Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 995–1016 | Cite as

Environmental capability: a Bradley–Terry model-based approach to examine the driving factors for sustainable coal-mining environment

  • Hasanuzzaman
  • Chandan Bhar
  • Varnita Srivastava
Original Paper


Environmental pollution caused due to coal-mining activities distresses the natural biodiversity and hampers sustainable development of coal-mining environment. Based on the environmental impact analysis of coal-mining activities, this study develops a framework for computing the environmental capability considering air pollution reduction, water pollution reduction, noise pollution reduction and land pollution reduction. This study proposes a method for ranking the parameters and subsequently computing their sustainable environmental capability using Bradley–Terry model. The parameters have been ranked by assigning the weights, using attitudinal data collected by surveying the experts from industry and academics. Further, in order to compute the environmental capability of coal mining, these weights have been integrated with the real-life published data collected from environmental reports and journal publications of mining firms for the period 2010–2016 in Dhanbad. The results show that the environmental capability of coal mining has increased by 57–62% during the period under consideration, with the major contribution from air pollution reduction and water pollution reduction. However, in case of noise pollution reduction, it is fluctuating by ± 2–3%, and hence no significant contribution is found. Here, the increasing trend of the environmental capability of coal mining indicates the reduction in environmental pollution which subsequently leads to a sustainable coal-mining environment. This study contributes to this domain of the literature by building an integrated framework which can be used as a tool for environmental impact assessment of coal-mining industry and other industries as well.


Bradley–Terry model Coal mining Environmental capability Environmental sustainability Pollution reduction 


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management StudiesIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia

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