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Promotion of wind energy in isolated energy systems: the case of the Orites wind farm

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Abstract

With the establishment of the first wind farm on the island, Cyprus has made progress to satisfy the European Union’s 2020 renewable energy targets. Operational since September 2010, the 174 M€ Orites wind farm is currently the largest wind project in the Mediterranean region. In this article, the main characteristics of the project with regard to Cyprus’s national action plan for the promotion of renewable energy sources are presented. The socio-economic impacts of the project and its feasibility in the context of an isolated energy system are also examined. The results of a public survey to identify the attitudes of surrounding households and neighbouring cities towards the wind farm are presented. The assessment was based on face-to-face interviews conducted with 50 households from the surrounding communities and 100 interviewees from neighbouring cities. According to the survey, the public opinion on the wind farm was generally positive, and the majority of the respondents considered the wind farm to be acceptable as of no considerable environmental impact.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    D.K. Wind Supply Ltd (2010) Personal communication

Abbreviations

A :

Slope, Weibull graphical solution

B :

Intercept with y-ordinate, Weibull graphical solution

C :

Weibull scale parameter (m/s)

E :

East (coordinates) (°, ′)

f :

Probability density function (%)

F :

Cumulative distribution function (%)

k :

Weibull shape parameter

N :

Power (W)

N :

North (coordinates) (°, ′)

U :

Wind velocity (m/s)

V TS :

Technical availability (according to VDI 3423) (%)

X :

Logarithmic transformation parameter, Weibull graphical solution

Y :

Logarithmic transformation parameter, Weibull graphical solution

η :

Number of wind turbines

ω :

Power coefficient

:

Fluctuation

–:

Average

0:

Nominal

cal:

Calculated

e:

Electric

meas:

Measured

EAC:

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

EC:

European Council

EMF:

Electromagnetic fields

EU:

European Union

GDP:

Gross domestic product

RES:

Renewable energy sources

WASP:

Wind atlas analysis and application programme

WTA:

Willingness to accept

WTP:

Willingness to pay

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Author information

Correspondence to Paris A. Fokaides.

Appendix

Appendix

See Table 6.

Table 6 Percentages (%) supporting attitudinal statements in the surrounding households (bold) and neighbouring cities (italics)

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Fokaides, P.A., Miltiadous, I., Neophytou, M.K. et al. Promotion of wind energy in isolated energy systems: the case of the Orites wind farm. Clean Techn Environ Policy 16, 477–488 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-013-0642-2

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Keywords

  • Wind farm
  • NIMBY
  • Apparent YIMBY