Skip to main content

Prospective Study of Community-Acquired Pneumonia of Bacterial Etiology in Adults

Abstract

 The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the bacterial etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in adults in Spain. From May 1994 to February 1996, 392 episodes of CAP diagnosed in the emergency department of a 600-bed university hospital were studied. An etiological diagnosis based on noninvasive microbiological investigations was achieved in 228 cases (58%); 173 of these diagnoses were definitive and 55 probable. Streptococcus pneumoniae, which caused 23.9% of the episodes, was the predominant pathogen observed, followed by Chlamydia pneumoniae (13.5%) and Legionella pneumophila (12.5%). Other less frequent pathogens found were Haemophilus influenzae (2.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1.5%), Mycoplasma pneumoniae (1.3%), Coxiella burnetii (1%), Moraxella catarrhalis (2 cases), Nocardia spp. (2 cases), and Staphylococcus aureus (2 cases). Streptococcus pneumoniae was significantly more frequent in patients with underlying disease and/or age ≥60 years (28% vs 13%, P=0.002), while Legionella pneumophila was more frequent in patients below 60 years of age and without underlying disease (20% vs 9%, P=0.006). Likewise, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila were the most frequent etiologies in patients requiring admission to the intensive care unit, occurring in 29% and 26.3% of the patients, respectively. In addition to Streptococcus pneumoniae, other microorganisms such as Chlamydia pneumoniae and Legionella spp. should be seriously considered in adults with community-acquired pneumonia when initiating empiric treatment or ordering rapid diagnostic tests.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sopena, N., Sabrià, M., Pedro-Botet, M. et al. Prospective Study of Community-Acquired Pneumonia of Bacterial Etiology in Adults. EJCMID 18, 852–858 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s100960050419

Download citation

Keywords

  • Staphylococcus Aureus
  • Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  • Rapid Diagnostic Test
  • Haemophilus Influenzae