Neurological Sciences

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 895–897 | Cite as

Angelo Mosso (1846–1910). Brain’s rule in physiognomic. A new face of pathological diagnosis

  • Omar LarentisEmail author
Letter to the Editor
Facial expressions are considered the vehicle by which we convey our emotions. Among them, fear, called the “primary emotion,” played an important role in our evolution. During the second half of the nineteenth century, Angelo Mosso (1846–1910 Turin, Italy) (Fig.  1) studied and classified fear and pain expressions. But he did more than that: he theorized that every expression of suffering corresponded to a peculiar kind of pain. This connection was the basis for the diagnosis method that he developed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Research of Osteoarchaeology and Paleopathology, Department of Biotechnology and Life SciencesUniversity of InsubriaVareseItaly

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